How to build your house?
During the construction of a house by a private individual, there are several stages not to be forgotten, the objective being to optimize its project as well as possible. After having evoked the some councils which your agency Courcier Immobilier will put forward for your project, we will evoke more in details, each one of these last ones in order not to omit anything.
The first is to choose your land according to a certain number of criteria. Once the choice of land has been made, the study of the local urban plan is essential as this is what will determine the limits of the project. Indeed, these are the rules set by the local authority in terms of floor space, height, etc. All constructions are subject to this famous PLU specific to each town, and studying it carefully will allow you to obtain the best optimisation of the land according to your needs and expectations.
In addition, when you buy land, you must take into account certain conditions precedent which will allow you to protect yourself in case your project cannot be completed. Finally, it is advisable for several reasons detailed below to deal with the construction of its house with a CCMI (contract of construction of individual house) since it enables you to obtain the guarantee of perfect completion of work which will cover you of all technical problems as well as aesthetic during 1 year.
Your Courcier Immobilier agency will accompany you in your project and advise you on the steps to follow. If you wish to buy or sell a plot of land, call on your agency.
Choosing your land:
- The location according to your specifications.
- The slope of the land: the steeper the land, the more you will have to adapt your house
- The distance to the street: the further away you are, the more expensive the connections
- The frontage: the bigger it is, the bigger the frontage of the house you can build
- The orientation of the land: aiming to be able to open bays in a good exposure
- Opposite view
- The ease of servicing the land: presence of water, electricity, mains drainage, gas in the street.
- The possible noise and the effective protection to be provided (acoustic glazing) if close to a road or railway line
- The elements present on the site to be studied: large trees, wells... to be able to find solutions with the builder.
- The PLU (see below) to be able to know how to build your house.
- Elements related to the soil (via geoportail.gouv.fr) or via a soil study already available
Reading a PLU :
To know how you have the right to build your house, the aesthetic rules to respect (tile size...), the number of compulsory parking spaces... Go to the zoning plan to find your plot and know in which zone it is. Then read the local urban plan carefully and in particular
- Siting in relation to the street (= how far away from the street you should be)
- Siting in relation to the dividing lines (= the limits of your plot of land on the cadastral map or the surveyor's plan)
- Location between two buildings (useful if you are building a separate garage for example)
- Height at the eaves (also called frontage height) (= height at your gutter) and ridge height (= from the end of the roof). One floor = 3m on average all in. So to make an R+1 you need about 6m of eaves height.
- Footprint = how much space you are allowed to take up on the ground (then you can go up floors).
- Aesthetic rules: roof slope, type of tile, colour of render or tile are given.
- Parking: number of parking spaces according to the size of your house, whether or not a covered parking space is required (garage or carport)...
The main clauses to be included in a promise to sell on a building plot:
- The clause for obtaining a loan
- The clause for obtaining a building permit that is free of all appeals
- The clause concerning a favourable soil study
- The clause concerning the obtaining of authorisations prior to your permit (if, for example, the land is the result of an unauthorised division)
- Other key points to look for in a promise to sell
The absence of easements or their full control
The absence of old subdivision regulations
The value of the escrow
The advantages of a CCMI :
The CCMI is a contract that offers a multitude of advantages by :
- Combining design and construction, building permit, construction and management
- Including insurance (damage to the work...)
- Including the management of your project from the designer, then the works manager to the craftsmen
- With the certainty of being delivered
- Guaranteeing a delivery date
- But also a fixed price (even before obtaining the permit)
- Offering control of the budget
- Allowing for deferred payment of the total amount